required for each subject.
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Language Arts & Reading (ELAR)
Students read and understand a wide variety of literary and
Students compose a variety of written texts with a clear controlling idea, coherent organization, and sufficient detail.
Students are expected to know how to locate a range of relevant sources and evaluate, synthesize, and present ideas and information.
Listening and Speaking,
Students listen and respond to the ideas of others while contributing their
own ideas in conversations and in groups.
Oral and Written Conventions,
Students learn how to use the oral and written conventions of the
English language in speaking and writing.
The standards are cumulative--students will continue to address earlier standards as needed while they attend to standards for their grade. In third grade, students will engage in activities that build on their prior knowledge and skills in order to strengthen their reading, writing, and oral language skills. Students should read and write on a daily basis.
Science, as defined by the National Academy of Sciences, is the
"use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predictions of natural phenomena, as well as the knowledge generated through this process."
Recurring themes are pervasive in sciences, mathematics, and technology.
These ideas transcend disciplinary boundaries and include patterns, cycles, systems, models, and change and constancy.
The study of elementary science includes
planning and safely implementing classroom and outdoor investigations using scientific methods, analyzing information, making informed decisions, and using tools to collect and record information while addressing the content and vocabulary in physical, earth, and life sciences. Districts are encouraged to facilitate classroom and outdoor investigations for at least 60% of instructional time.
In Grade 3, students learn that the study of science uses appropriate
tools and safe practices in planning and implementing investigations, asking and answering questions, collecting data by observing and measuring, and by using models to support scientific inquiry about the natural world.
Within a well-balanced mathematics curriculum,
the primary focal points at Grade 3 are multiplying and dividing whole numbers, connecting fraction symbols to fractional quantities, and standardizing language and procedures in geometry and measurement.
Throughout mathematics in Grades 3-5, students build a foundation of basic understandings in number, operation, and quantitative reasoning; patterns, relationships, and algebraic thinking; geometry and spatial reasoning; measurement; and probability and statistics. Students use algorithms for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division as generalizations connected to concrete experiences; and they concretely develop basic concepts of fractions and decimals. Students use appropriate language and organizational structures such as tables and charts to represent and communicate relationships, make predictions, and solve problems. Students select and use formal language to describe their reasoning as they identify, compare, and classify two- or three-dimensional geometric figures; and they use numbers, standard units, and measurement tools to describe and compare objects, make estimates, and solve application problems. Students organize data, choose an appropriate method to display the data, and interpret the data to make decisions and predictions and solve problems.
Throughout mathematics in Grades 3-5, students develop numerical fluency with conceptual understanding and computational accuracy. Students in Grades 3-5 use knowledge of the base-ten place value system to compose and decompose numbers in order to solve problems requiring precision, estimation, and reasonableness. By the end of Grade 5, students know basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division facts and are using them to work flexibly, efficiently, and accurately with numbers during addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division computation. Problem solving, language and communication, connections within and outside mathematics, and formal and informal reasoning underlie all content areas in mathematics. Throughout mathematics in Grades 3-5, students use these processes together with technology and other mathematical tools such as manipulative materials to develop conceptual understanding and solve meaningful problems as they do mathematics.
In Grade 3, students learn how diverse individuals have changed their
communities and world. Students study the effects inspiring heroes have had on communities, past and present. Students learn about the lives of heroic men and women who made important choices, overcame obstacles, sacrificed for the betterment of others, and embarked on journeys that resulted in new ideas, new inventions, new technologies, and new communities. Students expand their knowledge through the identification and study of people who made a difference, influenced public policy and decision making, and participated in resolving issues that are important to all people. Throughout Grade 3, students develop an understanding of the economic, cultural, and scientific contributions made by individuals.
To support the teaching of the essential knowledge and skills,
the use of a variety of rich material such as biographies, founding documents,
poetry, songs, and artworks is encouraged. Motivating resources are available from museums, historical sites, presidential libraries, and local and state preservation societies.
The eight strands of the essential knowledge and skills for social studies
are intended to be integrated for instructional purposes. A greater depth of understanding of complex content material can be attained
when integrated social studies content from the various disciplines
and critical-thinking skills are taught together. Statements that contain the word "including" reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.
Students identify the role of the U.S. free enterprise system within the
parameters of this course and understand that this system may also be referenced
as capitalism or the free market system.
Throughout social studies in Kindergarten-Grade 12, students build a
foundation in history; geography; economics; government; citizenship; culture; science, technology, and society; and social studies skills. The content, as appropriate for the grade level or course, enables students to understand the importance of patriotism, function in a free enterprise society, and appreciate the basic democratic values of our state and nation as referenced in the
Texas Education Code (TEC), §28.002(h).
Students understand that a constitutional republic is a representative form of government whose representatives derive their authority from the consent of the governed, serve for an established tenure, and are sworn to uphold the constitution.
State and federal laws mandate a variety of
celebrations and observances, including
Celebrate Freedom Week.