Get the nutrition facts on common foods found in Fruits,
Vegetables and Seafood. Learn about the calories, fat and nutrients found in these foods as Percent Daily Values
(%DV) based on that found in a 2,000 calorie diet.
Nutrients are substances found in food that are needed for good health. Your
body can't make nutrients, so they must be supplied by food. During digestion,
food is broken down into nutrients, which are absorbed into your bloodstream
and carried to every cell in your body. More than 40 nutrients in food are
classified into six groups: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals
and water. Each nutrient has a specific function and they all work together for
your good health.
- are the body's main source of energy or calories. Carbohydrates are
classified in two groups: complex carbohydrates (starches) and sugars. Fiber,
which is another carbohydrate, aids digestion and helps fight some diseases but
is not a nutrient because it is not digested and absorbed by the body.
- supplies energy and amino acids. Amino acids are building blocks that build,
repair, and maintain every cell in your body.
- also supply energy but they have many other functions. Fats transport
nutrients and they are a part of many body cells. Fats provide storage and
insulation for your body. Carbohydrates and proteins that are not needed for
energy are stored as fat.
Vitamins - trigger many different body processes. These compounds
are needed in very small amounts in the diet to regulate chemical reactions in
the body. Each vitamin has a specific job in your body, so one vitamin can't
replace another. Vitamins do not provide energy but they help our bodies use
the energy from foods.
- are like vitamins and are used in the body to promote chemical reactions and
form body structures.
- is a part of every cell and tissue in the body. Water carries nutrients to
cells and removes wastes products. Water is also needed to help regulate body
temperature. Water makes up 55-75% of your body weight.