In your opinion; what effects do teacher expectations have on student achievement?
These terms refer to the changes or alterations in how instruction is delivered, the ways in which students demonstrate their understanding and/or in what instructional goals or performance expectations the students are to achieve.
· Accommodations refer to the actual teaching supports a student may require to ensure equal access to the general curriculum.
· Accommodations are different ways for students to receive information and to demonstrate their learning.
· The changes do not alter or lower the expectations or content standards; they are adjustments to the instructional methods.
Some examples of accommodations:
· Books that are recorded, additional time to complete tasks, oral tests, preferred seating, amplification systems, Braille writers, adapted keyboards, adapted writing utensils, providing space for movement or breaks, providing textbooks for use at home.
Modifications refer to changes made to the instructional content or performance expectations for students who have disabilities from what is expected of general education students.
· Modifications are made when the expectations of the general curriculum do not match those stated in the student's IEP.
· The extent to which the curriculum is modified is determined by the student's IEP.
Some examples of modifications:
· The student is exempted from specific activities or skills, the student is included in the same activity but with different expectations such as reducing the number and changing the students weekly spelling words. The class works on the same concepts but with different tasks such as the student works on single digit addition while other students work on double digit addition